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Unheated basement temperatures are not likely to fall below 40-50°F. The minimum temperature your basement reaches depends on outside temperature, exterior insulation, state of finish, elevation, and heating in the rest of the house.
Whether you use your basement as a bedroom, recreation area or just to store your unused treadmill, the temperature of your basement can be 8-10 degrees different from the rest of the house. A cold basement can really affect what you use the room for and how often you visit it.
If you want to determine why your basement gets cold, or just get some helpful tips on how to make it a bit warmer, then this article is perfect for you.
Basement Temperature Not Likely to Fall Below 40°F
Although it may not feel like it, your basement is not actually freezing. The Chicago Tribune reported that average basement temperatures will only reach a minimum of 40°F, and is very unlikely to drop lower than that.
Research into the effects of cold climates on basement temperatures has also been carried out., A Canadian longitudinal study (carried out over 7.5 years) reported basement temperatures dropping to about 15°C (59°F) in winter.
The temperature that your basement can reach will depend on a number of factors to be discussed in the next section.
What Influences Basement Temperature?
The lower the outside temperatures and ground temperatures drop, the lower the basement temperatures can drop as well. So, a colder climate means a colder basement, and typically, your basement will be colder in winter than in summer.
If your basement has exterior insulation, the thick foundation wall will slow down the rate of temperature change from the outside. So, if it is super hot outside, it will take a long time for that heat to transfer into the basement which makes it feel colder.
This means that in summer, the temperature in the basement will be chillier than the temperature outside. On the other hand, the air will be slightly warmer than the outside temperature in the winter months.
Finished vs Unfinished Basement
If you have properly insulated your finished basement, you shouldn’t experience temperatures lower than 60°F. The finished floors and walls will not get as cold as exposed concrete. There are even some benefits to converting your basement into a bedroom area and the lack of living space in cities is causing more people to look at living in basements entirely.
Your unfinished basement will be colder as there is less of a barrier (little to no insulation) from the outside weather. If your walls or floors are still exposed concrete, the coldness of the concrete will transfer to your basement air and make it quite chilly.
The temperature of your basement can also be influenced by its elevation.
If your basement is above-ground (a walkout basement), it might feel colder as there will be more windows that could let in a draft through small gaps. However, the warm sunshine will be able to get into the room, warming it up.
Your below-ground basement will have smaller windows, and will definitely be colder.
Heating in the Rest of the House
The type of heating you have installed in your home will determine how hot or cold your basement feels.
If you have one furnace supplying heat to the entire house, your basement will be a lower temperature than your upstairs rooms. The furnace is usually controlled by one thermostat upstairs. The windows in the rest of the house will also allow solar heat to enter, making the upper floors much warmer than the windowless (or near-windowless) basement.
Therefore, you will adjust your thermostat to a comfortable temperature that takes into account the warmth from the sun. Your basement then suffers because the heating is at a lower temperature.
Should Unfinished Basements Be Heated in Winter?
If you want to limit the pairs of fuzzy socks for your weekly load of laundry, it is definitely best to heat your unfinished basement in Winter. Even if you don’t use your basement all that often, this can provide numerous benefits.
If your basement is heated, by the law of science, the warm air will rise up to the rest of the house, keeping you toasty as the floors won’t be so cold.
If your basement is too cold, it could also trigger the onset of mold. This is because when the cold basement walls interact with the warm air, moisture forms. So, if you heat your basement, the walls will remain warmer thus reducing the chance of mold.
However, if you don’t really use your basement regularly, or just feel that it doesn’t get uncomfortably cold, you can definitely choose to save a buck and leave it as is.
How Can I Keep My Basement Warm in Winter?
- Seal up your windows. Over time, cold air can seep through the tiny spaces between your windows and the window pane, which can cause a chilly draft to enter your basement. Here is a quick and easy method for sealing your basement window that just requires no previous expertise.
- Choosing the right furniture. An easy way to warm up your basement is to add a fuzzy rug, some blankets (if there is a couch/bed down there) and some warm-toned lighting. These quick fixes can help to warm up a cold basement in no time. If your budget allows, installing carpets on your basement floor can also warm up the space immensely.
- Buy a space heater. If you use your basement as a bedroom, study or just a chill zone, adding a small space heater, like the GiveBest Portable Electric Space Heater (amazon link), will make the world of difference in winter. You can put it on for an hour or so before you go to bed to avoid high electricity costs, or keep it near you while you watch a movie.
- Close the door. You can prevent the loss of hot air generated in your basement by closing the basement door.
You can read a more extensive list in my article on Practical Ways to Warm-up a Cold Basement.
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