Do You Need a Permit to Finish a Basement in Connecticut


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In Connecticut, a permit is required if you turn an unfinished basement into a habitable space and thus change the structure’s occupancy. Or if the finishes involve altering the electrical, gas, mechanical, or plumbing system. Or if you intend any structural changes (enlarging, altering, demolishing, etc.).

Applying for a permit can often be the last thing that comes to mind when planning to finish a basement. After all, the room is already there; you aren’t technically adding to your home. However, if we want to prevent any potential hazards or future troubles with authorities, we mustn’t neglect this task.

Nationwide, permits for finishing a basement are the norm, not the exception. In this article, we will explain the whole process of applying for a building permit in Connecticut, so you will know what to expect and will finally be able to get started on the basement of your dreams!

Permits Are Required

The conditions describing when you are required to apply for a permit are stated in the Connecticut State Building Code 105.1 (check only 105.1).

To summarize, according to the code, the permits are required if you are removing or adding walls, adding or changing electrical, gas, mechanical, or plumbing system, or changing the occupancy of a building or structure.

Some of the things excluded from the permit requirements are small finish works, e.g., tiling or minor repairs. You can read the complete list of exemptions here.

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These conditions apply to the whole State of Connecticut, but each municipality is responsible for overlooking these rules are being followed in its area. It also sets the fees.

Therefore, you need to check with your local municipality if you have any questions regarding your permit. You can find your town or city’s website here.

Who Handles the Application?

For the City’s Part

The Building Department represents the city in this matter. Each city’s or town’s own Building Department attends to the building permit applications and is available to you to contact if you have any questions regarding the permit.

Once you apply, a building official checks the submitted plans of your project and its estimated valuations, together with all additional documentation. Then they decide whether everything complies with the State Building Code.

He might also go for a short pre-inspection of your basement to help prevent any potential problems from occurring further down the road.

For the Applicant’s Part

As the homeowner, you can have a licensed contractor act as your authorized agent and apply for the permit on your behalf.

Alternatively, you could submit the application yourself.

However, it is essential to remember that you (the homeowner) are responsible for ensuring all the required permits are obtained before the works start. Therefore, it is better to double-check with the local building official if you are uncertain.

Types of Permits/Approvals Required

To finish your basement in Connecticut, you’ll most likely be required to obtain:

  • Building permit.
  • Trade permits – for electrical work, plumbing, HVAC (heating and cooling), or installing a generator.
  • Zoning approval.
  • Fire marshal approval.

Application Documentation Checklist

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Generally, you can pull your application in person, online, or via email.

You need to fill out a proper form, which is provided by your town or city (check the city’s website). The form will identify the property owner and the contractor and required trade licenses.

Along with the application, you must submit:

  • Plans for the renovation and floor plan (with dimensions, location of equipment, and electrical fixtures).
  • Any required insurance (e.g., insurance for workers, general liability insurance).
  • Details of the project (types of materials, energy conservation information).
  • Estimation of the overall cost (total value of work including materials and labor).

Bonus Tip: No taxes or utility commission fees shall be owed on the property at the time of your application.

Cost of the Application

Each municipality is required to set its own schedule of fees. To get an appropriate evaluation of how much the permit will cost, you need to contact the city or town building department in which the basement is located.

But to give you a better idea, the municipality calculates the price of the permit based on the value of your project (which you provided with the application).

Usually, the municipality has set a minimum permit fee. This could be a fee for the first $1000 of the construction cost (as it is in, e.g., Waterford or Southbury) or even up to the first $4000 (Newington).

After that, an additional fee is paid per each $1000 of the overall renovation value.

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If you are also applying for plumbing, electrical, or HVAC permits, those costs often may be deducted from the total project cost, but they should be listed regardless.

Additionally, towns and cities can charge an extra fee for handling the application and State Education Fee ($0.26 per every $1000 spent).

Turnaround Time for Applications

State Statute allows the Building Official up to 30 days to review, and either approve or reject, your applications.

But most cities state that if the application is complete, meets all the requirements, and doesn’t need any additional approvals (Zoning approval, etc.), the permit is typically issued within 1 to 2 weeks.

Retrospective Permits

If you have an unpermitted basement in your house, it is your responsibility as an owner to ask for a retrospective permit. That is even if previous owners, and not you, made the renovations.

How could it affect you if you didn’t pull a permit? We dive deep into this topic in this article. In short, missing a permit might get you into trouble when selling the house or making an insurance claim.

The happy news is that in Connecticut, the Office of the State Building Inspector has determined that there is no penalty fee for applying late. However, you might have to pay for the tears and repairs needed during and after an inspection.

Sources

https://hebronct.com/uploads/2014/03/Unpermitted-Work.pdf

https://portal.ct.gov/DAS/Office-of-State-Building-Inspector/Building-and-Fire-Code-Adoption-Process//-/media/DAS/Office-of-State-Building-Inspector/2018-CSBC-LRRC-resubmittal-062118.pdf

https://eregulations.ct.gov/eRegsPortal/Browse/getDocument?guid=%7BE0A4E155-0800-CD36-94F5-3050A202EBB9%7D

https://www.waterfordct.org/building/pages/fees

https://www.greenwichct.gov/1330/What-Activity-Requires-a-Permit

https://www.townofkentct.org/building-department/pages/requirements-building-dept-permits-state-ct-building-code

https://livinginglastonburyct.wordpress.com/tag/buying-a-house-with-no-permit-for-finished-basement-ct/

https://www.newingtonct.gov/Faq.aspx?QID=139

https://www.waterfordct.org/sites/g/files/vyhlif4006/f/file/file/finish_basement_handout_0.pdf

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