Ceiling fans were invented over a century ago to rotate quietly overhead and create a cooling breeze. Modern ceiling fans have taken this one step further and can rotate in both directions so that you can feel cooler in summer, and warm air trapped at the ceiling is redistributed in winter months.
Checking the rotation direction of a ceiling fan doesn’t have to be a chore. In three easy steps, you can quickly determine which mode your fan is set to rotate in a counterclockwise direction or if it has been forgotten in winter mode.
Counterclockwise rotation is when the fan blades move right to left as viewed from below the unit. It almost always means summer mode, so air will be pushed down as the highest point of the pitched blade leads and air is physically felt to blow downward.
Counterclockwise Is Typically Summer Mode
Most ceiling fans are primarily designed to push air down when they rotate counterclockwise. This is because the pitch of the blade when rotating in this direction channels air downwards to create a column of air below the fan.
This is often referred to as summer mode because the air flowing over your skin causes wind chill cooling.
If a fan is going to have one mode as opposed to two, this is the one it will have, and it is almost always achieved through counterclockwise rotation.
There may be the occasional instance in which counterclockwise turning doesn’t mean the fan is in summer mode. In these cases, you have to look at other signs.
3 Ways to Tell Which Way Is Counterclockwise
To confirm that your ceiling fan is running in summer mode, you can use one or more of the three indicators.
1. Visual Confirmation
It may seem like it would be obvious if a fan is spinning clockwise or counterclockwise but the ease at which you can visually confirm this depends on two main factors: how fast the fan is spinning and where you are standing.
To visually confirm counterclockwise confirmation, you need to set your fan to the slowest speed settings to ensure that you can properly see each blade as it rotates.
Stand directly below the fan for the best and clearest view. The blades should be turning from right to left if the fan is running counterclockwise.
This technique can definitely confirm that the fan is turning counterclockwise, and, as mentioned, in the vast majority of cases, this means your fan is in summer mode.
You can find out if your fan conforms to this rule by crosschecking with one or both of the following.
2. Inferences Based on Blade Pitch
As mentioned earlier, the pitch of the blade is what steers air downwards when the fan is moving counterclockwise in summer mode.
To push air down, the highest point of the blade’s pitch has to lead.
To understand this, hold up your two hands horizontally, with palms down and fingertips touching. Then tilt your right hand up by about 45° so that your fingers are higher than your wrist.
Move your left hand forward in a straight line towards the palm of your right hand. Your fingers should bend downwards and slide down the angle of your palm to the space below your hands.
So, if you look for the higher side of the fan blade and then turn the fan onto a low-speed setting, you should be able to see if the fan starts turning in the direction of the higher side.
If it does, then it is in summer mode and if this corresponds to visual confirmation that this occurs in the counterclockwise direction, then you can conclude that counterclockwise equates to summer mode.
3. Can You Feel Air Blowing Onto You?
When a ceiling fan is in summer mode, then you will be able to feel the force of the air as it blows down on you, particularly if you switch the fan to the highest setting.
Winter mode pushes the air upwards, and in a much gentler way. If the blades are spinning in winter mode, then you shouldn’t notice any significant moment of air directly below the fan.
If your fan is like 99.8% of the other dual direction fans out there, then feeling a breeze means that it’s rotating counterclockwise because this is the direction of the summer mode. But you can confirm this with visual confirmation as well.